Airway obstruction is nearly always symptomatic and frequently life threatening. Whenever possible, surgical resection and reconstruction offer the best chance for definitive management. However bronchcoscopic dilation with endobronchial stenting is an alternative for otherwise unresectable patients. At the very least, information learned during the initial bronchoscopic intervention allows for accurate planning of definitive management. However, airway stenting is most typically reserved for management of unresectable airway pathology as muscle inflammation induced by a stent might otherwise compromise healing at a future planned anastomotic site.